Traveling abroad is undoubtedly an enriching exciting experience, but it’s also important to take proper care and precautions to ensure you don’t fall ill abroad. Even if you take a luxury safari trip or stay in a 5 star hotel, getting sick while traveling abroad can be alarming for many, especially when it seems to come out of nowhere. There are few common illnesses that are dangerous and you should avoid getting.
Cholera occurs primarily in developing countries with inadequate sanitation. It is endemic in Africa and Asia and less so in South America. Some of the symptoms of cholera including diarrhea, dizziness, fever and vomiting. Make sure to avoid food that is not cooked fully and water that does not come from a bottled source. Order your steak well done when you are abroad and drink plenty of only bottled or mineral water.
Malaria is caused by a parasite that is spread by the female Anopheles mosquito. A common disease. Although there is no licensed vaccine for this, there are preventative anti-malaria medicines which are highly encouraged among travellers. Symptoms can occur within 10 days of being bitten and including fever, chills, headache, abdominal pain and frequently sweating.
Generally found in Africa, Asia and Eastern Europe, tuberculosis is second only to HIV/AIDs as a single agent cause of death in the world! It is an airborne disease that spreads from person to person. While it infects the lungs, it is curable but must be fast, with antibiotics.
Typhoid Fever is a life threatening disease that is spread by contaminated food and water. Something like food poisoning. It’s important to get vaccinated prior to travel but keep in mind, it can only protects 50% to 80%. If possible, avoid unpeeled fruits and vegetables, street food and drinks with ice. Be careful and check for a clean place before dining in.
Hepatitis A can be contracted in any part of the world but is more common in developing countries. It is spread through contaminated water and uncooked food. Good that, there is a vaccine against this but it’s important to be mindful of your food and drink choices. If you are diagnosed with Hepatitis A, there is no treatment other than rehydrating your body with lots of water and supportive treatment. It can take weeks or months to recover. Symptoms include loss of appetite, jaundice, dark coloured urine, dizziness and abdominal discomfort.